The Discipline Committee is mandated by the Constitution of the Northern Illinois Synod:
†S11.03. The Committee on Discipline of this synod shall consist of 12 persons of whom six shall be ministers of Word and Sacrament and six shall be laypersons, who shall each be elected by the Synod Assembly for a term of six years without consecutive reelection.
a. The functions of the Committee on Discipline of this synod are set forth in Chapter 20 of the Constitution, Bylaws, and Continuing Resolutions of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
b. The Synod Council shall fill vacancies on the Committee on Discipline for any unexpired term.
Although it is required that the Northern Illinois Synod have members elected to both of these committees for six-year, staggered terms, the Consultation has only been invoked once since 2007, and the Discipline Committee has never be called together during the 34 years that the NIS has been in existence.